Illustrative Examples: Metal & Plastic Annealer; Metal &
Plastic Temperer; Induction Machine Setter
51-4192 Lay-Out Workers, Metal and Plastic
(Pattern Setter) Lay out reference points and dimen-sions
on metal or plastic stock or workpieces, such as
sheets, plates, tubes, structural shapes, castings, or ma-chine
parts, for further processing. Include shipfi tters.
Illustrative Example: Location and Measurement Techni-cian
51-4193 Plating and Coating Machine Setters,
Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic
Set up, operate, or tend plating or coating machines
to coat metal or plastic products with chromium, zinc,
copper, cadmium, nickel, or other metal to protect or
decorate surfaces. Include electrolytic processes.
Illustrative Examples: Anodizer; Electroplater; Galvanizer
51-4194 Tool Grinders, Filers, and Sharpeners
Perform precision smoothing, sharpening, polishing, or
grinding of metal objects.
Illustrative Examples: Die Polisher; Precision Honer; Tool
51-4199 Metal Workers and Plastic Workers,
All metalworkers and plastic workers not listed sepa-rately.
Illustrative Examples: Balancing Machine Operator; Film
Casting Operator; Nail Making Machine Setter
51-5011 Bindery Workers
(Hand Bindery Worker) Set up or operate binding ma-chines
that produce books and other printed materials.
Include hand bindery workers. Exclude “Bookbinders”
Illustrative Examples: Book Coverer; Stitching Machine
Operator; Bookbinding Machine Operator
Perform highly skilled hand fi nishing operations, such
as grooving and lettering to bind books.
Illustrative Examples: Book Finisher; Book Mender
51-5021 Job Printers
Set type according to copy; operate press to print job
order; and read proof for errors and clarity of impres-sion,
and correct imperfections. Job printers are often
found in small establishments where work combines
several job skills.
Illustrative Examples: Job Press Operator; Apprentice Job
51-5022 Prepress Technicians and Workers
(Compositor, Lithographer) Set up and prepare mate-rial
for printing presses. Include prepress functions,
such as compositing, typesetting, layout, paste-up,
camera operating, scanning, fi lm stripping, and photo-engraving.
Illustrative Example: Photoengraving Etcher
51-5023 Printing Machine Operators
(Silk Screen Printer, Embosser) Set up or operate
various types of printing machines, such as offset, let-terset,
intaglio, or gravure presses or screen printers to
produce print on paper or other materials.
Illustrative Examples: Bag Printer; Offset Press Operator;
51-6011 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Workers
Operate or tend washing or dry-cleaning machines to
wash or dry-clean industrial or household articles, such
as cloth garments, suede, leather, furs, blankets, draper-ies,
fi ne linens, rugs, and carpets. Include spotters and
dyers of these articles.
Illustrative Examples: Laundry Carpet Cleaner; Silk Spot-ter;
Washing Machine Operator
51-6021 Pressers, Textile, Garment, and Related
Press or shape articles by hand or machine.
Illustrative Examples: Clothes Ironer; Garment Steamer;
51-6031 Sewing Machine Operators
Operate or tend sewing machines to join, reinforce,
decorate, or perform related sewing operations in the
manufacture of garment or nongarment products.
Illustrative Examples: Blind Stitch Machine Operator; Loop
51-6041 Shoe and Leather Workers and Repairers
Construct, decorate, or repair leather and leather-like
products, such as luggage, shoes, and saddles.
Illustrative Examples: Upper Cutter; Cobbler; Saddle Maker
51-6042 Shoe Machine Operators and Tenders
Operate or tend a variety of machines to join, decorate,
reinforce, or fi nish shoes and shoe parts.
Illustrative Examples: Counter Maker; Lasting Machine
Operator; Shoe Archer
51-6051 Sewers, Hand
(Hand Weaver) Sew, join, reinforce, or fi nish, usually
with needle and thread, a variety of manufactured
items. Include weavers and stitchers. Exclude “Fabric
Menders, Except Garment” (49-9093).
Illustrative Examples: Hand Stitcher; Hosiery Mender
51-6052 Tailors, Dressmakers, and Custom Sewers
Design, make, alter, repair, or fi t garments.
Illustrative Examples: Coat Maker; Hand Finisher, Except
Toys Shop Tailor
51-6061 Textile Bleaching and Dyeing Machine
Operators and Tenders
Operate or tend machines to bleach, shrink, wash, dye,
or fi nish textiles or synthetic or glass fi bers.
Illustrative Examples: Bleach Range Operator; Rug Dyer;
Skein Yarn Dyer
51-6062 Textile Cutting Machine Setters,
Operators, and Tenders
Set up, operate, or tend machines that cut textiles.
Illustrative Examples: Canvas Cutter; Rag Shredder; Welt
Trimming Machine Operator
51-6063 Textile Knitting and Weaving Machine Set-ters,
Operators, and Tenders
(Loom Changer) Set up, operate, or tend machines that
knit, loop, weave, or draw in textiles. Exclude “Sewing
Machine Operators” (51-6031).
Illustrative Examples: Crochet Machine Operator; Ribbing
Machine Operator; Looping Machine Operator
51-6064 Textile Winding, Twisting, and Drawing
Out Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders
(Slubber Machine Operator) Set up, operate, or tend
machines that wind or twist textiles; or draw out and
combine sliver, such as wool, hemp, or synthetic fi bers.
Include slubber machine and drawing frame operators.
Illustrative Examples: Beamer Operator; Bobbin Doffer;
51-6091 Extruding and Forming Machine Setters,
Operators, and Tenders, Synthetic and Glass Fibers
Set up, operate, or tend machines that extrude and
form continuous fi laments from synthetic materials,
such as liquid polymer, rayon, and fi berglass.
Illustrative Examples: Fiber Machine Tender; Box Spinner;
Synthetic Filament Spinner
51-6092 Fabric and Apparel Patternmakers
Draw and construct sets of precision master fabric
patterns or layouts. May also mark and cut fabrics and
Illustrative Examples: Pattern Grader; Shoe Patternmaker
Make, repair, or replace upholstery for household furni-ture
or transportation vehicles.
Illustrative Examples: Car Seat Maker; Casket Coverer;
Auto Top Mechanic
51-6099 Textile, Apparel, and Furnishings Workers,
All textile, apparel, and furnishings workers not listed
Illustrative Examples: Napper; Carding Machine Operator;
51-7011 Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters
Cut, shape, and assemble wooden articles or set up and
operate a variety of woodworking machines, such as
power saws, jointers, and mortisers to surface, cut, or
shape lumber or to fabricate parts for wood products.
Exclude “Woodworking Machine Setters, Operators,
and Tenders” (51-7041 through 51-7042) who special-ize
in one or a limited number of machine phases.
Illustrative Examples: Marquetry Worker; Antique Furni-ture
Repairer; Wood Machinist
51-7021 Furniture Finishers
Shape, fi nish, and refi nish damaged, worn, or used
furniture or new high-grade furniture to specifi ed color
or fi nish.
Illustrative Examples: Furniture Polisher; Refi nisher; Wood
51-7031 Model Makers, Wood
(Jig Builder) Construct full-size and scale wooden pre-cision
models of products. Include wood jig builders
and loft workers.
Illustrative Examples: Wood Jig Builder; Loft Worker
51-7032 Patternmakers, Wood
Plan, lay out, and construct wooden unit or sectional
patterns used in forming sand molds for castings.
Illustrative Examples: Experimental Wood Mechanic;
Wood Die Maker
51-7041 Sawing Machine Setters, Operators, and
(Head Sawyer) Set up, operate, or tend wood sawing
machines. Include head sawyers.
Illustrative Examples: Crozer Operator; Sawyer; Wood
51-7042 Woodworking Machine Setters, Operators,
and Tenders, Except Sawing
Set up, operate, or tend woodworking machines, such
as drill presses, lathes, shapers, routers, sanders, planers,
and wood nailing machines.
Illustrative Examples: Frazer; Molding Sander
51-7099 Woodworkers, All Other
All woodworkers not listed separately.
Illustrative Examples: Wood Carver; Pole Framer; Veneer
51-8011 Nuclear Power Reactor Operators
Control nuclear reactors.
Illustrative Examples: Nuclear Reactor Operator; Power
51-8012 Power Distributors and Dispatchers
Coordinate, regulate, or distribute electricity or steam.
Illustrative Examples: Feeder Switchboard Operator; Elec-tric
and Gas Load Dispatcher; Substation Operator
51-8013 Power Plant Operators
(Auxiliary Equipment Tender) Control, operate, or
maintain machinery to generate electric power. Include
auxiliary equipment operators. Exclude “Nuclear Power
Reactor Operators” (51-8011).
Illustrative Examples: Hydroelectric Operator; Generator
Operator; Power House Operator
56 Wage Data 2009
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