April 1942 Misc. 2977
Federal Security Agency
U. S. OFFICE OF EDUCATION
Occupational Information and Guidance Service
WOMEN OF THE UNITED STATES AND THE WAR
Marguerite W. Zapoleon, Specialist in Occupations for Girls and Women
Successful warfare requires action on many fronts. On most of them, American women have been engaged since the early days of the defense program. Today, they are serving in rapidly increasing number's in the armed forces of our country, in Government agencies, in industry, in agriculture, in schools and colleges, in women's clubs, and in volunteer organizations. A review of these areas of their activity indicates how other women may serve as the war continues.
Women in the Armed Forces
We usually think only of men in the armed forces of our country. But, besides the women who type and file and those who perform housekeeping functions in the War and Navy Departments, there are 8,700 women serving as nurses in the Army Nurse Corps and another 1,000 nurses serving in the Navy. At least 10,000 to 11,000 additional nurses are needed and will be added In the near future. Also serving the Army are approximately 600 women medical technologists, 1.50 dental hygienists, 500 to 600 dietitians, and 300 therapy aides. Two hundred more therapy aides are needed and will be employed as soon as they can be obtained.
Much publicity was given last year to the hostess jobs in the Army, created to supply a woman's service in connection with leisure-time activities in Army camps. There now are approximately 590 women, selected from among more than 22,000 applicants, who serve as hostesses and library assistants in service clubs on military reservations. Approximately 100 trained women librarians also are working in Army hospitals.
The proposed Women's Army Auxiliary Corps will open a greater variety of Army jobs to women and will give them Army status. A bill providing for such a corps passed the House in March 1942, and is scheduled for Senate action this month. It provides for the "voluntary enrollment of women of excellent character in good physical health, between the ages of 21 and 45, who are citizens of the United States," the number not to exceed 150,000. Such a corps would have its own leaders, who would be trained for their specific duties. The members of the corps would perform those functions in the Army that women can carry on to advantage, thus freeing men for other duties. A bill providing for a similar corps in the Navy passed the House in April.
Materials in this collection are made available by the Illinois State Library. To request reproductions or inquire about permissions, contact: firstname.lastname@example.org. Please cite the item title and collection name.